Nutrition

What is MSG? | MSG Food, Side Effects & Uses

MSG: three letters you’ve probably learned to fear in any back-of-pack list of ingredients. This especially goes for anyone that’s cautious of dietary additives, like organic-minded and all-natural eaters. But before you go avoiding it like the plague, it’s good to learn exactly what MSG is and if it’s really as bad as they say it is.

MSG

What is Monosodium Glutamate?

Monosodium glutamate, which usually goes by the name ‘MSG’, is a food additive used predominantly in Asian cuisine.

MSG is actually derived from an amino acid called ‘glutamic acid’, which comes under a big family of compounds known as glutamates. Glutamic acid occurs naturally in certain foods, including dietary protein like meat, seafood, eggs, dairy and plant-based protein sources.

What is MSG Used For?

It’s added to enhance the flavour of food and is most commonly found in fast foods and the kind of grub that’s processed, frozen or mass-packaged. Described as an ‘umami’ flavour which is savoury and meaty, MSG generally enhances the flavour of savoury food. Generally speaking, MSG is commercially manufactured via fermentation, which involves a carb food-type being treated with bacteria. This process converts glutamic acid into glutamate and then into MSG.

asian food

MSG Food

As mentioned, you probably best know of MSG’s use in a broad variety of Asian cuisine, in which it is a frequently added ingredient. It’s also easily found in fast food – particularly those that contain chicken. On top of that are the daily ‘cupboard’ items, which often contain added flavouring. Yes – that added flavour that tastes so good is MSG, so if you’ve dabbled in a snack for your lunch today that has a heightened flavour that has you wanting more, flip the packet – you’ll probably find MSG there.

These are just a few of the snacks that likely get a flavour-boost from MSG:

  • Flavoured crisps
  • Tinned soups
  • Instant noodles
  • Gravy mixes
  • Cold cuts and hot dogs, including soy-based (i.e. vegetarian) varieties
  • Soup and dip mix
  • Seasoning salt
  • Bouillon cubes
  • Salad dressings

Does Whey Protein Contain MSG?

So you’ve done your best to avoid MSG (except maybe the occasional cheeky takeaway on a cheat day from your workout regime). Now you might be wondering, does whey protein contain MSG?

The answer is, unless it’s added and you can see it on the label on the back of the pack, no. Whey protein and most other protein powders naturally contain glutamic acid, which is a naturally occurring amino acid found in dietary protein like meat, seafood, eggs, dairy and plant-based protein sources.

Related: The Difference Between Impact Whey & Impact Whey Isolate

Glutamic acid is considered a ‘non-essential’ amino acid, which means, although the body requires it to function, it can be made in the body as well as obtained through diet. It’s vital for cellular metabolism and brain signalling.

Many people confuse glutamic acid with MSG when, in fact, although they’re from the same chemical family, they’re very different. Glutamic acid (which is naturally occurring) is not the same as man-made MSG. To produce MSG, glutamic acid must bind with sodium to form a salt, which does not occur in natural proteins that are free of added MSG.

Related: The 9 Best Whey Protein Alternatives

Is MSG Bad for You?

So, is MSG really as bad as they say it is, despite tasting so good? MSG is “generally recognised as safe” or ‘GRAS’ by the Food and Drug Administration. This doesn’t mean you should season everything you eat with MSG, however. First of all, there are people who suffer from allergies to MSG, which can often make it difficult to buy food from some restaurants or processed food from shops. For others, MSG can be a problem when consumed in larger doses.

Those are at the more serious end of the spectrum, but how bad is MSG for others?

MSG Side Effects & Intolerance

For many people – even without allergies – consuming MSG in larger quantities can bring on this list of avoidable side effects:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Flushing or excessive sweating
  • Skin rash
  • Numbness
  • Intense thirst
  • Lethargy or sleepiness
  • Ringing ears
  • Tingling in the mouth

Take Home Message

MSG: you’ve heard of it as something you should avoid in excessive amounts, but it’s branded as safe by regulators. MSG is not the same as glutamic acid, a naturally occurring amino acid that is used in the body for many different essential functions.

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Our articles should be used for informational and educational purposes only and are not intended to be taken as medical advice. If you're concerned, consult a health professional before taking dietary supplements or introducing any major changes to your diet.

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Jack Boardman

Jack Boardman

Contributor

Jack is a fitness and nutrition writer who specialises in weightlifting, boxing and MMA training.


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