Nutrition

Bulking & Cutting The Right Way: Nutritional & Workout Advice

Bulking Season

Gainer season: to weight-losers, it might well seem the smuggest time of year. Gainer season, as it is known in the fitness community, is a magical period on weightlifters’ calendars from October through March, when bulking becomes the priority in terms of nutrition and gaining mass muscle. What does that involve? Well, that’s the part (on the surface, at least) that may sound pretty smug and enviable to any health fanatics that are applying themselves to trimming down and burning calories.

So Why Do Mass Gainers Get All The Fun?

For starters, many would argue it is not as easy as it seems, but if you consider the colder days that feel like harder work throughout the winter months, there is a certain logic in stocking up against the cold – and when easier to do it than over the Christmas period, the most carborific of holidays when calories are not only encouraged, but often unavoidable.

Especially for hard gainers, putting on the right kind of weight can be difficult. The general plan is increasing your caloric intake to gain fat and muscle, but there is a difference between eating anything in the name of weight and doing it properly in the name of health. With great calorie increases comes an even greater gym workload, and then there’s the shredding stage. Come March, “shredding season” commandeers the calendar. This is when bodybuilders cut the calories and shred the body fat, taking that hulk like build to a lean, ripped physique.

Bulking vs. Weight Gain

So what do the experts say is the real difference between putting on weight and bulking?

Myprotein Personal Trainer, Camille Thiebaut, says that the difference between bulking and just piling on pounds  is that bulking correctly means you are increasing your body fat while developing  muscle at the same time.

Camille says: “If you don’t bulk you don’t create (much) muscle, so when spring comes and you cut fat, you wouldn’t have increased your base of muscle which will leave you looking skinny, not sculpted. Have you ever wanted to have the round bum, nice shoulders or the super-toned shapely thighs? If the answer is yes, you need to work on the muscle base during winter as it’s not fat that’s going to give you that.”

How Many Calories for Bulking?

The question, then, is how to calculate how much you need to increase your calorie intake by?

MyProtein ambassador, Camille advises: “First you need to calculate you BMR (basal metabolic rate), which is the amount of energy expended per day while resting which is calculated by your age, weight, height and gender. Then you can calculate your maintenance calorie intake by adding your level of activities.”

For help, a variety of online calculators and apps are available to guide you.

“When you know your maintenance calorie intake, here’s where it becomes interesting. If you want to bulk, you need to increase this so your muscles burn your usual amount (what your body needs to function normally), then the additional intake (calorie excess ) is going to nourish the muscle fibre and build muscle. When you’re cutting, you need to reduce your calorie intake under your body needs, to shed the fat,” adds Camille.

Break It Down

If you are a 24-year-old female, 167cm, 54kg  your BMR is 1,303 cal/day.

Maintenance calorie intake with moderate exercise 3-5 days/ week = 2,019 cal/days

In order to bulk,  a female needs to elevate this by 10-15%, which means that in this case the ideal calorie intake to bulk = 2,321 cal/day.

For a 30 year old male, 180cm height and 75km, your BMR is 1,730 cal/day.

Maintenance calorie intake with heavy exercise 6-7 days a week = 2,984 cal/day

To bulk a male can elevate a bit more than a woman, around 20%, so the ideal calorie intake in this case =3,581 cal/day.

Clean Bulk vs. Dirty Bulk

Health and fitness expert Camille advises that when you increase your calorie intake, you need to keep the ‘health’ part in mind. That is the difference between a clean and dirty bulk. We mentioned earlier how putting on healthy weight isn’t as easy as some may think. If you are someone with a mighty metabolism and find it hard to keep the weight on that you need to build serious size it can be tempting to munch junk food to get the job done.

Avoid junk.

Camille said: “Even though you are increasing your calorie intake, your nutrition still needs to be on point which is the difference between a clean bulk and a dirty bulk. Carbohydrates are the main fuel you need during bulking phase, the protein and fat intake is generally the same, but it’s the carbs that change the most. There is no point bingeing on junk food, you need to eat unrefined, unprocessed carbs like brown rice, oats and sweet potatoes, then if you still need to supplement, sports-nutrition brands have specialist high carbohydrate gainer products which are just as popular in winter as protein shakes to assist with muscle gains. In fact, you might find you yourself struggling to eat enough calories each day, this is why a good gainer like Myprotein’s MyGainer can help you.”

Another good tip to keep in mind is limiting the amount of cardio you do during your week. You may have calculated your caloric intake and factored in a monstrous lifting regimen, but if in addition you are still getting a regular cardio workout, this could be eating into your bulk like nothing else.

Cutting Season

How does this plan change when winter ends and shredding season commences?

When it comes to cutting, it’s time to halt the calories, keep the muscle and burn the excess fat. Your key plan should include:

  • Higher reps with lighter weights;
  • Shorter rest periods (30 secs to 1 minute);
  • Inserting calorie-burning cardio exercise into your workout plan. Think H.I.I.T
Maintenance Bulking Cutting
2019kcal per day 2381 kcal per day 1650 kcal per day
Breakfast: Post Workout Shake: Breakfast:
50g Oats Half a Banana 120ml Almond Milk
25g IWP 25g Mygainer 25g IWI
1 Apple 200ml Almond Milk 1/2 Banana
Snack 1 (Smoothie): Breakfast: Snack 1 (Smoothie):
150ml Almond milk 100g Cooked Rice 150ml Almond Milk
Red Berries 5 Eggs Red Berries
25g IWP 1 Apple 25g IWP
Lunch: Snack 1: Lunch:
120g Chicken 80g Rice 120g Chicken
100g Rice 60g Chicken 60g Rice
1 Apple 1 Apple
Snack 2: Lunch: Snack 2:
10g Almonds 120g Chicken Greek Yoghurt
150g Rice
Dinner: 1 Apple Dinner:
120g Chicken 100g Chicken
80g Rice Snack 2: Vegetables
Vegetables 10g Almonds No Carbs
  Dinner:
120g Chicken
Vegetables
100g Rice
Night Snack:
16g Peanut Butter
1 Greek Yoghurt

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Faye Reid

Faye Reid

Writer and expert

Faye has a MSc in Sport Physiology and Nutrition, and puts her passion into practice as goal attack for her netball team, and in competitive event riding. She enjoys a pun, and in her spare time loves dog walking and eating out.


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